Country equity profiles

Progress towards universal health coverage for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health must be assessed not only in terms of national averages, but also on how well such gains benefit all subgroups living in a country. National averages can hide persistent inequalities that need to be addressed. In recognition of the importance of equity for overall country progress, the Sustainable Development Goal target 17.18 calls for the disaggregation of national statistics according to income, gender, place of residence, ethnicity and other relevant variables. Disaggregated analyses of intervention coverage are important for ethical and practical reasons. Such analyses help identify which women, children, and adolescents are being left behind – information that countries can use to design better and more inclusive policies and programs.

Countdown to 2030 has prepared equity profiles that show the magnitude and trends in health disparities in each of the 81 Countdown countries. The equity profiles include four pages (see below, using Bangladesh as an example). The first page includes a set of graphs showing coverage levels of effective interventions across the continuum of care for reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health and nutrition disaggregated by subnational region, wealth quintiles, and urban/rural areas of residence. The second page includes a detailed table showing simple measures of wealth inequality (absolute differences between sub-groups and ratios) and complex measures including the slope index of inequality and the concentration index. This is followed by another table showing data for key interventions along the continuum of care for each of the three main regions in Malawi. The final page includes detailed notes on all of the indicators, the different equity measures used, and an explanation on how to interpret the graphs.

Like the national Countdown country profile, the equity profile is meant to equip country decision makers with a tool to help them monitor progress and for programming and planning purposes.

The equity country profiles are prepared by the equity technical working group of Countdown and the team at the International Center for Equity in Health, Federal University of Pelotas, Brazil.

Afghanistan

Algeria

Angola

Azerbaijan

Bangladesh

Benin

Bhutan

Bolivia

Botswana (no data available)

Burkina Faso

Burundi

Cambodia

Cameroon

Central African Republic

Chad

Comoros

Congo

Congo (Democratic Republic of the)

Côte d’Ivoire

Djibouti

Dominican Republic

Equatorial Guinea (no data available)

Eritrea (no data available)

Ethiopia

Gabon

Gambia

Ghana

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

Guyana

Haiti

Honduras

India

Indonesia

Iraq

Jamaica

Kenya

Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of) (no data available)

Kyrgyzstan

Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Lesotho

Liberia

Madagascar

Malawi

Mali

Mauritana

Morocco

Mozambique

Myanmar

Namibia

Nepal

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Pakistan

Panama

Papua New Guinea (no data available)

Paraguay

Philippines

Rwanda

Senagal

Sierra Leone

Solomon Islands (no data available)

Somalia

South Africa

South Sudan

Sudan

Suriname

Swaziland

Tajikistan

Tanzania

United Republic of Timor-Leste

Togo

Turkmenistan

Uganda

Uzbekistan

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) (no data available)

Yemen

Zambia

Zimbabwe