As a result of the two workshops described above, the LAC regional network has initiated two studies. The first was a multi-country study on reproductive, maternal and child health (RMNCH) comparing ethnic groups in LAC, with focus on indigenous and Afro descendant populations. The percentage of indigenous populations in LAC varies widely, from very small (e.g. Brazil, El Salvador) to nearly half the population (e.g. Bolivia, Guatemala). This secondary analysis on the ethnic gaps in coverage of RMNCH services across 16 countries (Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname and Uruguay) could help to address health equity problems for ethnic minority populations in these regions. Read the full Lancet Global Health article and comment here.